City of Prophets; Şanlıurfa
Şanlıurfa, known as the land of the prophets and considered as Turkey’s seventh largest city, is located in the Southeastern Anatolia Region. It is also known as Urfa with its short name colloquially. It assumed the title of “Şanlı” (glorious) in 1984 due to the memory of his people’s success in the Turkish War of Independence. It has borders with Mardin in the east, Gaziantep in the west, Adıyaman in the north, Diyarbakir in the north, and Syria in the south.
Şanlıurfa, also known as the land of the prophets, is also the city of legends. One of these myths is Abraham’s event. According to the story, Abraham breaks the idols and Nemrut gives a order to throw Abraham into the fire. Ibrahim stays in fire for 7 days and goes out from the fire as alive. Therefore, Urfa Balıklı Lake, the place where the event took place, and the fishes in the lake are considered as sacred.
It is believed that the settlement has been around since the neolithic age in and around Şanlıurfa. It is located in the place where the world’s oldest temple, used around BC 11000. Şanlıurfa is considered as the birth place of Prophet Abraham and there is a mosque in the memory of him. Also it is considered as the birth place of Prophet Eyyup (Job). It is known that the history of the center of Urfa dates back to 9500 BC, Neolithic Period in the results of a discovery made in the north of today’s Balıklıgöl.
Throughout its history, it has remained under the sovereignty of civilizations such as Eblas, Akkads, Sumers, Babylons, Hittites, Hurri-Mitannis, Arameans, Assyrians, Persians, Macedonians (Hellenistic Period), Romans, Byzantines. It joined the Ottoman lands in 1516. Şanlıurfa, which was in the hands of the Ottomans until the First World War, was first occupied by the British in 1919 and then by the French. On April 11, 1920, the city was rescued from the invasion. It became a province in 1924 after the Republic.
Among the income sources of the city are agriculture, husbandry and industrial products besides tourism. Thanks to its rich history, the city has many historical attractions and is also a center of attraction of gourmet tourists.
Where is Şanlıurfa?
Şanlıurfa is located in the Southeastern Anatolia Region of Turkey. The neighboring city of Syria is the oldest settlement on the route of Silk Road. It has a strategic importance for the reason that it is located at the intersection of the trade network between East and West. It has borders with Mardin in the east, Gaziantep in the west, Adıyaman in the north, Diyarbakir in the north, and Syria in the south.
When to go to Şanlıurfa?
In Şanlıurfa where continental climate dominates, summers is very hot and winter is very cold. For this reason, the best time to visit the city is spring and fall months. Although the maximum temperature in summer can reach 46 degrees, the average summer temperature is 32 degrees. Because the humidity is low, it can be an ideal visiting time for those who like hot air. The lowest temperature record in the city was -11.4 degrees in December. However, it is possible to say that the average temperature of the winter months is 2 degrees.