Göreme Open Air Museum
In Göreme, monastery life was experienced intensively from the 4th century to the 13th century. In almost every rock block, there are churches, chapels, dining halls and seating areas. The churches are painted with 2 types of techniques. The first one is the painting directly on the rock surface, the second one is the painting made with the secco (tempera) and fresco technique on the rock. The subjects in the church were taken from the Bible and Jesus’s life.
Monastery of Priests and Nuns
This cross-domed monastery that has 1st floor with dining room, kitchen and several rooms, 2nd floor with rundown chapel that is travelable condition and 3rd floor with a church (Reaching with a tunnel), has three apses with four columns. The templon in the main apses is not found in other churches in Goreme. In the church, red decoration that has done directly on the rock, are seen beside the Jesus fresco. In the monastery the connections between the floors were provided by tunnels.
Chapel of St. Basil
There are gravel pits separated by columns. It has a cradle-vaulted, rectangular plan and three apses. There are three apses as one large and two small at the long left side of the rectangular nephrine. The church is dated to the 11th century.
The church has nine domes, four columns, a closed Greek cross, and three apses. The first decorations of the Elmalı Church are the cross and geometric motifs made with red paint directly on the wall as it is in St. Basil’s Church. The church is dated to the middle of the 11th century, beginning of the 12th century.
Snake (St. Onuphrius) Church
The church that its apse was carved on the left long wall, was left unfinished. There are depictions of saints who are respected in Cappadocia at either side of the church vault. The church is dated to the 11th century.