The Ancient Town “Myra”
According to Stephanos Byzantios, who prepared a comprehensive dictionary about ethnic origins and locations of the cities of antiquity, the name of myra is derived from either the river Myros that passes near the city or the word of “Myron” which is a fragrant oil that is put on the body in ancient Greek. On the other hand, the origin of its name is uncertain.
Myra, which is a modified form of a local word like Tlos and Patara, first comes to light in the repressed coins of the Lycian League. (According to Strabon, it is a general justice group consisting of representatives of twenty-three cities in Lycia and taking decisions on the administration of the region.)
From the archaeological remains that can be seen in Myra for now, the large theater built in the south of the acropolis in the Roman style is well preserved. There are 14 ladder ways in the theater where there are 20 rows below and 6 rows above.
There is also a concentric vaulted passage on both sides of the theater with a large diazom. The stage building, which is thought to have two floors and a row of columns, is in largely good condition. In the center of the orchestra in front of the stage building, fragments of rich ornaments that consist of broken blocks and machined columns, can be seen as lying on the ground.
There are the theater masks and reliefs on which mythological stories are represented on the marble blocks on the front of the seating line. Lycia’s unique temple and house-type rock tombs belonging to the impressive ruins of Myra are carved into the rocky, steep slopes of the acropolis which rises just behind the theater. They consist of two groups called as the Sea Necropolis in the south west of the acropolis, and the River Necropolis in the south east of the acropolis.