Zeugma Mosaic Museum
The main building in the Zeugma Mosaic Museum complex, which was established in the form of three large units, is the building which the mosaics, most of which was found in Zeugma, are exhibited. One of the other two houses, is home to a unique collection where church mosaics dating back to late antiquity and coming from around Gaziantep.
The Zeugma Mosaic Museum, opened on September 9, 2010, is regarded as one of the most important museums of the world with its usage area of 30 thousand square meters. In the museum complex, which was established in the form of three large units, the main building is the building mosaics, most of which was found in Zeugma, are exhibited.
One of the other two buildings houses is home to anoter unique collection which churces mosaics dating back to Late Antiquity and coming from around Gaziantep, are exhibited. In this section which 19 mosaics are located in total, about 1,500 square meters of mosaics are exhibited. The third building is the building which administrative office and conference hall are situated.
There are warehouses in main floors of entire museum complex. In the main building, a total of 51 mosaics (896.086m²) recovered from the antique city of Zeugma are exhibited. In addition, a part of the second floor of the exhibition includes mosaics of Late Antique Period, coming from the surrounding provinces and districts. All of the mosaics exhibited throughout the Zeugma Mosaic Museum today reach approximately 2,800 square meters. A large majority of Zeugma mosaics located on the Zeugma Mosaic Museum were located on the floors of the rooms as part of the architectural context of conviviums (dinner invitation), considered the most important socialising culture of the Greco-Roman world.
These venues were venues which were used for dinner invitations, the most important form of mass entertainment of the Greco-Roman cultures and the mosaics which were used as floor were including mime, pantomime, tragoidia games, and scenes about topics of these, which were performed during of after the dinners in these invitations.
The shows in these dinner invitations were carried out in front of guests, in the form of musics and mimes of popular mythological stories and works of major tragedy and comedy writers of this period, proformed by artists who were invited to the venue. At these invitations, the guests have a dinner, lying on the klinets, and if he was rich his own booth, if his financial situation is normal, the house’s booth was waiting for to serve him on foot, just behind klinetIn the dining rooms which Perseus-Andromeda mosaic in Poseidon House in Zeugma, the standing servant paintings on the wall paintings emphasize this fact.
In a large majority of Zeugma houses, architectural decorations, mosaics and wall paintings have been chosen to make their guests who come to this important invitation, feel his financial presence as well as intellectual, educational and domestic wealth. For this reason, the mosaic themes of the ancient world’s very rich novella repertoire, chosen by the house’s own knowledge and liking, provide important information about the intellectual and social identity of the host, to the visitors and us facing these mosaics today.
For example, the mosaic of a scene of a game named, “Synarsitosai“, “Women at Breakfast” by Menander, shows us the fact that owner of the house where the mosaic is located is related to the New Comedy and Drama. In the same way, in the triclinum where the Mousalar mosaic located in the Poseidon House, the Moses which are source of inspiration of subjects such as lyric poetry, history, music, astrology, philosophy. It can be said that the house owner is interested in philosophy, music, literature and human arts, thanks to Virtue (arete), Education (padieia), Wisdom (sofia) figures on moses figures and middle emblematas of triclinium. In bedrooms or more special dining rooms which it is eated with parents of the home and sincere friends, there were figurations of romantic couples, mostly known from ancient literature. We can count the scenes which Metiokhos and Parthenope, Eros and Telete, Dionysos and Ariadne take part, among the most important ones.